The Golden Chain

Profit and loss coming upon human beings

Mawlana Shaykh Khalid al-Baghdadi al-Uthmani as-Sulaymani (may God sanctify his innermost being), the thirty first Shaykh in the Naqshbandi Golden Chain, the Reviver of the 13th century of the Islamic calendar, said the following:-

“The last of the six fundamentals of iman is, ‘to believe in ‘qadar’, that is that good (‘khair) and evil (‘sharr’) are from Allah ta’ala (God).’

Good and evil, advantage and harm, profit and loss coming upon human beings are all by God’s Will. Qadar means measuring a quantity; decision, order; muchness and largeness. God’s Eternal Will for the existence of something is called qadar – predestination. The instance of occurrence of qadar, that is, the thing willed, is called ‘qada’. Qada and qadar are also used interchangeably.

Accordingly, qada means God’s predestination in the eternity of things that have been and will be created from eternity, in the past to the everlasting future, and qadar means the instance of creation of anything just compatibly with qada, neither less nor more. In the eternal past, God knew everything that would happen.”